HealthSheets™


Prevention Guidelines, Men Ages 18 to 39

Screening tests and vaccines are an important part of managing your health. Health counseling is essential, too. Below are guidelines for these, for men ages 18 to 39. Talk with your healthcare provider to make sure you’re up-to-date on what you need.

Screening

Who needs it

How often

Alcohol misuse

All men in this age group

At routine exams

Blood pressure

All men in this age group

Every 2 years if your blood pressure is less than 120/80 mm Hg; yearly if your systolic blood pressure is 120 to 139 mm Hg, or your diastolic blood pressure reading is 80 to 89 mm Hg

Depression

All men in this age group

At routine exams

Diabetes mellitus, type 2

Adults who have no symptoms but are overweight or obese and have 1 or more other risk factors for diabetes

At least every 3 years (yearly if blood sugar has already started to rise)

Hepatitis C

If at increased risk

At routine exams

High cholesterol or triglycerides

All men ages 35 and older, and younger men at high risk for coronary artery disease

At least every 5 years

HIV

All men

At routine exams

Obesity

All men in this age group

At routine exams

Syphilis

Men at increased risk for infection – talk with your healthcare provider

At routine exams

Tuberculosis

Men at increased risk for infection – talk with your healthcare provider

Check with your healthcare provider

Vision

All men in this age group

Every 5 to 10 years if no risk factors for eye disease

Vaccines

Who needs it

How often

Chickenpox (varicella)

All men in this age group who have no record of this infection or vaccine

2 doses; the second dose should be given at least 4 weeks after the first dose

Hepatitis A

Men at increased risk for infection – talk with your healthcare provider

2 doses given at least 6 months apart

Hepatitis B

Men at increased risk for infection – talk with your healthcare provider

3 doses over 6 months; second dose should be given 1 month after the first dose; the third dose should be given at least 2 months after the second dose and at least 4 months after the first dose

Haemophilus influenzae Type B (HIB)

Men at increased risk for infection – talk with your healthcare provider

1 to 3 doses

Human papillomavirus (HPV)

All men in this age group up to age 26

3 doses; the second dose should be given 1 to 2 months after the first dose and the third dose given 6 months after the first dose

Influenza (flu)

All men in this age group

Once a year

Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)

All men in this age group who have no record of these infections or vaccines

1 or 2 doses through age 55

Meningococcal

Men at increased risk for infection – talk with your healthcare provider

1 or more doses

Pneumococca (PCV13) and Pneumococcal (PPSV23)

Men at increased risk for infection – talk with your healthcare provider

PCV13: 1 dose ages 19 to 65 (protects against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria)

PPSV23: 1 to 2 doses through age 64, or 1 dose at 65 or older (protects against 23 types of pneumococcal bacteria)

Tetanus/diphtheria/pertussis (Td/Tdap) booster

All men in this age group

A one-time Tdap booster after age 18, then Td every10 years

Counseling

Who needs it

How often

Diet and exercise

Overweight or obese people

When diagnosed, and then at routine exams

Use of tobacco and the health effects it can cause

All men in this age group

Every visit

Sexually transmitted infection prevention

Men who are sexually active

At routine exams

Skin cancer

Prevention of skin cancer in fair-skinned adults through age 24

At routine exams

1Those who are 18 years of age, who are not up-to-date on their childhood immunizations, should receive all appropriate catch-up vaccines recommended by the CDC.

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