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Treatment for Broken Nose (Nasal Fracture) in Children

A nasal fracture is a break in 1 or more of the bones of the nose. It’s also called a broken nose. Nasal fractures are more common in adults than in children. Children’s nasal bones are more difficult to fracture. But the nasal bone is one of the most commonly fractured bones of the face. The lower part of the nasal bone is thinner than the upper part and breaks more easily. In babies, nasal fracture can cause trouble breathing. This is because babies can’t breathe through their mouths. A baby with nasal fracture needs emergency treatment.

Types of treatment

Your child may need to see an ear, nose, and throat doctor (otolaryngologist) for treatment. Treatment is based on your child’s age, overall health, and the type of injury.

Your child will need to sit upright for a time after the injury. This helps to reduce swelling of the nose. It also helps to keep blood from pooling in the nose. First treatments may include pain medicines and ice.

Any bones in the nose that are out of place will need to be lined up normally. This is called reduction. This is a common part of treatment for nasal fracture. Your child may need this right away or at a later time. A reduction may be done by moving the bones back into place (closed reduction). In some cases, surgery is done to move the bones (open reduction). Reduction is often with general anesthesia. This means your child sleeps through the procedure and doesn’t feel pain.

After reduction, the nose may need a splint. Your child’s nose may not look exactly the way it did before. Rhinoplasty surgery (nose surgery) may help restore the nose to a better look.

If your child’s nasal fracture is more severe, he or she might need a more complex surgery right after the injury. This is called septorhinoplasty. It can help restore normal look of the nose. It also fixes a displaced nasal septum and blocked nasal airway.

Possible complications of a nasal fracture

Your health care team will work to prevent complications. Your child’s risk for possible complications may vary according to age and the extent of injury. Some possible complications include:

  • Pocket of infection in the septum (septal abscess)

  • Pocket of blood in the septum (septal hematoma)

  • Severe nosebleed

  • Infection of the brain or tissues around the brain

  • Blocked tear duct

  • Abnormal connection between the nasal cavity and the mouth

  • Underdevelopment of the maxillary bone, making the middle of the face look sunken

  • Change in appearance of the nose

Complications often need treatment, such as antibiotics or surgery.

Protecting your child’s nose during healing

After a nasal fracture, the nose needs time to heal. The nose is easy to injure again during this time. For this reason, most health care providers advise that children do not play any sports for at least 2 weeks. Your child should not play contact sports such as football or wrestling for at least 6 weeks.

 

When to call the health care provider

Call your child’s health care provider right away if your child has any of these:

  • Fever of 100.4°F (38.0°C) or higher

  • Bleeding that doesn’t stop

  • Confusion

  • Loss of consciousness

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