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Understanding Ovarian Cystectomy

Female pelvis showing reproductive structures.

An ovarian cystectomy is a type of surgery. It removes a cyst from your ovaries. A cyst is a sac full of fluid. You have two ovaries, one on each side of your uterus. The ovaries make your eggs (ova). They also make the hormone estrogen.

How to say it

sis-TEK-tuh-mee

Why ovarian cystectomy is done

This procedure is done to remove a cyst on an ovary. It’s usually done only if the cyst is large or painful. Many women have cysts on their ovaries. They are often benign. But they can be cancerous.

How ovarian cystectomy is done

This procedure is often done in a hospital. You may need to spend a few days in the hospital after the cyst is removed. During the procedure:

  • You are given medicine to make you fall asleep. You won’t feel any pain.

  • The surgeon makes a cut (incision) in your belly (abdomen) to reach your reproductive organs.

  • The surgeon puts a clamp on the ovary to hold it still.

  • The surgeon carefully cuts into the ovary, revealing the cyst.

  • The surgeon may drain the cyst. It is then cut away from the ovary.

  • The cyst may be sent to a lab to check for disease, such as cancer.

  • The surgeon stops any bleeding from the ovary. He or she then closes the cut in your belly.

Risks of ovarian cystectomy

  • Bleeding

  • Damage to an ovary

  • Infection

  • Injury to the bladder

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